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Arabian Mythology

Arabian Mythology encompasses the rich folklore, legends, and spiritual beliefs of the Arabian Peninsula, including pre-Islamic and Islamic traditions. It offers a glimpse into the cultural heritage of the Arabian people.

Jinn and Spirits

  • Jinn: Supernatural beings made of smokeless fire, mentioned in Islamic mythology and the Quran. Jinn can be benevolent, malevolent, or neutral.
  • Marid: A powerful and rebellious type of jinn.
  • Ghoul: A shape-shifting creature that roams the desert at night.

Pre-Islamic Deities

  • Al-Lat, Al-Uzza, and Manat: Pre-Islamic Arabian goddesses mentioned in historical texts, associated with fertility and protection.
  • Hubal: A moon god worshipped in pre-Islamic times, particularly in Mecca.

Folklore and Legendary Figures

  • One Thousand and One Nights (Arabian Nights): A collection of Middle Eastern folktales featuring characters like Scheherazade, Aladdin, and Sinbad.
  • Qareen: A personal demon or jinn companion believed to be with each individual.

Islamic Influence

  • Islamic beliefs and teachings have a significant impact on Arabian mythology, with many stories featuring prophets and miracles.
  • The concept of angels and the afterlife play a central role.

Cultural and Artistic Influence

  • Arabian mythology has profoundly influenced Arabic literature, calligraphy, architecture, and art.
  • The beauty of Arabic script often adorns depictions of mythological tales.

Modern Adaptations

  • Arabian mythology continues to be a source of inspiration for contemporary literature, film, and art, both within and outside the Arab world.
  • Stories from Arabian mythology often reflect the values, morals, and wisdom of the Arab culture.

The Role of Camels

  • Camels hold a special place in Arabian mythology and culture, often depicted as noble and indispensable creatures in the harsh desert environment.

Mesopotamian Mythology (Sumerian, Akkadian, Babylonian, Assyrian)

Armenian Mythology