Cesar Chavez

Cesar Chavez – Champion of Farm Workers’ Rights

Cesar Chavez was an American labor leader, civil rights activist, and founder of the United Farm Workers (UFW) union. Born in Arizona in 1927, Chavez grew up in a migrant farm worker family and experienced firsthand the hardships and injustices faced by agricultural workers. He dedicated his life to improving the lives and working conditions of farm workers and became an icon in the American labor movement.

Early Life

Cesar Chavez was born on March 31, 1927, in Yuma, Arizona. His family moved around frequently, following the seasonal farm work in California. Chavez attended dozens of different schools and only completed his formal education through eighth grade. He worked in the fields alongside his family and witnessed the difficult conditions and low pay that farm workers faced.

Labor Activism

In the 1950s, Chavez began working for the Community Service Organization (CSO), a Latino civil rights group. He organized voter registration drives and fought against police brutality and discrimination. In 1962, he left the CSO to form the National Farm Workers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers (UFW). He led strikes, boycotts, and nonviolent protests to demand better wages and working conditions for farm workers, who were often exploited and mistreated.


Cesar Chavez’s leadership and activism helped bring attention to the struggles of farm workers and led to significant improvements in their working conditions. He also inspired other civil rights and labor activists and is remembered as a hero in the Latino community. The UFW continues to advocate for farm workers’ rights and works to improve their lives and livelihoods.

Ruby Bridges

Frederick Douglass