Chinese Mythology

Chinese Mythology encompasses a vast array of myths, legends, and folk tales that have been a part of Chinese culture for thousands of years. These stories, rich with gods, goddesses, heroes, and mythical creatures, reflect the deep spiritual and historical traditions of China.

Major Deities and Figures

  1. Yu Huang (Jade Emperor): The supreme deity of Chinese mythology.
  2. Guan Yin (Goddess of Mercy): A bodhisattva associated with compassion, widely revered in various forms across East Asia.
  3. Long Wang (Dragon Kings): Mythical rulers of the four seas, each corresponding to a compass direction.
  4. Sun Wukong (Monkey King): A central character in the classic novel “Journey to the West,” known for his strength, cunning, and immortal journey.

Creation Myths

  • Pangu and the Creation of the World: The story of Pangu, who emerged from a cosmic egg and created the Earth and the sky.
  • Nuwa and the Repair of the Sky: The tale of the goddess Nuwa, who repaired the sky after a great calamity.

Important Themes and Legends

  • The Eight Immortals: A group of legendary immortals each representing different aspects of life and society.
  • Fengshen Yanyi (The Investiture of the Gods): A 16th-century novel mixing history, folklore, mythology, and fantasy.

Mythological Creatures

  • Dragons: Symbolizing power, strength, and good luck, dragons are central to Chinese mythology.
  • Phoenix (Fenghuang): Representing grace, high virtue, and the union of yin and yang.
  • Qilin: An auspicious creature symbolizing good luck and prosperity.

Cultural and Artistic Influence

  • Chinese mythology deeply influences Chinese culture, art, literature, and religion.
  • Festivals like the Chinese New Year and the Mid-Autumn Festival are steeped in mythological traditions.
  • Chinese mythology has been a source of inspiration for various forms of modern media, including movies, TV shows, and video games.

Philosophical and Religious Overtones

  • Taoism and Buddhism have significantly influenced Chinese mythology, introducing various spiritual and philosophical elements.

Portuguese Mythology

Japanese Mythology