Embroidery is the craft of decorating fabric or other materials using a needle to apply thread or yarn. Embroidery may also incorporate other materials such as pearls, beads, quills, and sequins. Today, embroidery is most often seen on caps, hats, coats, blankets, dress shirts, denim, dresses, stockings, and golf shirts.

Description and How to Do It

Embroidery involves stitching designs onto fabric using various threads and stitches. Basic stitches include the running stitch, back stitch, satin stitch, and cross-stitch, among others. Patterns can be transferred onto fabric using tracing paper, stencils, or freehand drawing, then filled in with embroidery.


  • Creativity and Self-Expression: Allows for personal expression through designs.
  • Improves Fine Motor Skills: Enhances dexterity and hand-eye coordination.
  • Relaxation and Stress Relief: Acts as a calming activity, reducing stress and anxiety.
  • Cultural Appreciation: Connects with a rich history of textile art across cultures.

Best Age to Start

Children can start learning simple embroidery stitches around the age of 8 or 9.


  • Websites: Embroidery tutorials and free pattern resources.
  • YouTube: Channels like Needle ‘n Thread for stitch tutorials.
  • Books: “Embroidery: A Step-by-Step Guide to More than 200 Stitches” (available on Amazon).

Equipment and Costs

  • Embroidery Hoops: $5-$15.
  • Fabric: $5-$20, depending on the type and size.
  • Embroidery Floss: $0.50-$1 per skein.
  • Needles: $2-$5 for a pack.
  • Scissors: $5-$15 for a good pair of crafting scissors.

Starting Tips

  • Begin with basic stitches and small projects to practice.
  • Choose a simple design for your first project to avoid feeling overwhelmed.
  • Keep tension consistent for even stitches.

Recommended Practice Frequency

Practicing embroidery a few times a week can significantly improve skills and project completion rate.

Requirements/Tasks for Mastery

  • Master a wide range of stitches and techniques.
  • Complete complex projects with precision and creativity.
  • Possibly teach embroidery classes or create patterns for others to use.

Famous Embroiderers

  • Mary Queen of Scots (known for her embroidery during captivity)
  • Judith Baker Montano (known for her work in crazy quilting and embroidery)


Fashion Design