History is the study of past events and the ways in which they shape the world we live in today. In this lesson, we will explore the basic concepts of history, its purpose, and its methods.

What is History?

History is the study of the past, including the people, events, and ideas that have shaped our world. Historians seek to understand and interpret the past by examining primary sources, secondary sources, and other evidence from the time period they are studying.

Purpose of History

The purpose of studying history is to gain a better understanding of the world we live in today by examining how it has been shaped by past events. By studying history, we can better understand the present, and make informed decisions about the future. History also helps us develop critical thinking skills by analyzing and interpreting complex events and ideas.

Methods of History

Historians use a variety of methods to study the past, including:

Research – historians use primary and secondary sources to gather information about the past.

Analysis – historians analyze and interpret historical evidence to gain a better understanding of past events and ideas.

Writing – historians communicate their findings through writing, including books, articles, and other forms of media.

Teaching – historians also teach others about history through lectures, classes, and other educational programs.

100 BC to Present

The period from 100 BC to the present day encompasses a vast and complex span of human history. In this lesson, we will explore some of the key events, themes, and concepts that have shaped the world from 100 BC to the present.


The period from 100 BC to present covers the entire globe, with significant events and developments occurring in various regions of the world. Some of the most important geographical areas and civilizations include:

Ancient China – a period of great cultural, technological, and political achievements in China, including the invention of paper, the establishment of the Silk Road, and the construction of the Great Wall.

The Roman Empire – a powerful empire that dominated much of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, known for its impressive architecture, legal system, and military prowess.

The Islamic Golden Age – a period of cultural, scientific, and intellectual achievements in the Islamic world, marked by advancements in fields such as astronomy, mathematics, and medicine.

The Age of Exploration – a period of European expansion and exploration, characterized by the discovery of new lands, the colonization of the Americas, and the establishment of global trade routes.

The Industrial Revolution – a period of rapid industrialization and technological advancement, marked by innovations such as the steam engine, mass production, and the assembly line.

The World Wars – two devastating global conflicts that had far-reaching political, economic, and social consequences, including the rise of new superpowers, the formation of international organizations, and the end of colonialism.

History of 100 BC to Present The history of 100 BC to present is rich and varied, with numerous significant events and periods.

Some of the most notable include:

Classical Period – a period of cultural, artistic, and intellectual flourishing in ancient Greece and Rome, marked by the rise of philosophy, democracy, and art.

The Renaissance – a period of great cultural and artistic rebirth in Europe, marked by a renewed interest in classical art, humanism, and scientific discovery.

The Enlightenment – a period of intellectual and philosophical questioning and inquiry, marked by a rejection of traditional authority and a focus on reason, science, and individualism.

The Age of Revolutions – a period of political and social upheaval, marked by revolutions such as the American Revolution, the French Revolution, and the Haitian Revolution.

The Cold War – a period of geopolitical tension and ideological conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union, marked by the arms race, proxy wars, and the threat of nuclear annihilation.

The period from 100 BC to present has had a profound impact on the world, shaping various aspects of human life and society, including:

Technology – the period has seen significant technological advancements, such as the development of computers, the internet, and smartphones, which have transformed communication, commerce, and social interaction.

Globalization – the period has witnessed the rise of global interconnectedness, with increased international trade, travel, and migration, as well as the emergence of global issues such as climate change, pandemics, and terrorism.

Human Rights – the period has seen a growing recognition of human rights, with the establishment of international organizations such as the United Nations, the adoption of universal declarations, and the promotion of gender, racial, and LGBTQ+ equality.