Indian Mythology (Hindu, Buddhist, Jain)

Hindu Mythology is an integral part of the Hindu religion, one of the world’s oldest religions. It includes a vast array of gods, goddesses, heroes, and narratives that form the basis of Hindu philosophy and way of life.

Major Deities
  • Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva: The Trimurti, representing creation, preservation, and destruction.
  • Devi: The Goddess, manifested in forms like Saraswati, Lakshmi, and Parvati.
  • Ganesha: The elephant-headed god of wisdom and new beginnings.
  • Krishna and Rama: Avatars of Vishnu, central figures in the epics Mahabharata and Ramayana.
Key Texts and Epics
  • Vedas and Upanishads: Ancient scriptures containing hymns, philosophy, and guidance.
  • Mahabharata and Ramayana: Epic tales that include the Bhagavad Gita, a key spiritual text.
Philosophical Concepts
  • Concepts like Dharma (duty/righteousness), Karma (action and its consequences), and Moksha (liberation from the cycle of rebirth) are central.

Buddhist Mythology


Buddhist Mythology includes tales from the life of the Buddha, various bodhisattvas, and a rich tapestry of deities and celestial beings, particularly in Mahayana and Vajrayana traditions.

The Buddha
  • Siddhartha Gautama: The historical Buddha, whose life story and enlightenment are foundational.
  • Bodhisattvas: Beings who have attained enlightenment but remain in the world to help others.
Key Texts
  • Jataka Tales: Stories of the Buddha’s previous lives, teaching moral and ethical lessons.
  • Sutras: Discourses of the Buddha and his close disciples.

Jain Mythology


Jain Mythology is part of Jainism, an ancient Indian religion focusing on self-discipline, non-violence (ahimsa), and the ascetic life.

  • Mahavira: The 24th and last Tirthankara, a spiritual teacher who revitalized Jain teachings.
  • Rishabhanatha: The first Tirthankara, often associated with asceticism and enlightenment.
Key Concepts and Texts
  • Ahimsa: Non-violence, a central principle in Jainism.
  • Agamas: Sacred texts that include the teachings of the Tirthankaras.

Cultural and Artistic Influence

  • Indian mythology influences India’s festivals, art, music, dance, literature, and daily life practices.
  • Stories and characters from these mythologies are depicted in temples, folk art, and classical arts across India.

Korean Mythology

Tibetan Mythology