Islands are fascinating landforms that have shaped the cultures, economies, and environments of the world. In this lesson, we will explore the geography and characteristics of islands, including their formation, types, and importance.

Here’s a list of some of the most famous islands from around the world:

  1. Hawaii, USA
  2. Bali, Indonesia
  3. Santorini, Greece
  4. Maldives
  5. Bora Bora, French Polynesia
  6. Phuket, Thailand
  7. Ibiza, Spain
  8. Fiji
  9. The Bahamas
  10. Jamaica
  11. Mauritius
  12. The Seychelles
  13. Vancouver Island, Canada
  14. Zanzibar, Tanzania
  15. Galapagos Islands, Ecuador
  16. Corsica, France
  17. Tasmania, Australia
  18. Easter Island, Chile
  19. Isle of Skye, Scotland
  20. Cape Breton Island, Canada.

Formation of Islands

Islands are formed in a variety of ways, including volcanic activity, tectonic shifts, and erosion. Volcanic islands are formed when magma rises from the Earth’s mantle and erupts on the ocean floor, creating a mountain that rises above the surface. Tectonic islands are formed when two tectonic plates collide, causing the land to rise and form an island. Erosion islands, on the other hand, are formed when sediment is deposited on the ocean floor, eventually rising above the surface due to changes in sea level.

Types of Islands

There are many types of islands, each with unique characteristics and features. Continental islands are part of a larger landmass, separated from the mainland by a body of water. Oceanic islands, on the other hand, are formed from volcanic activity and are not connected to any continental landmass. Coral islands are formed from the accumulation of coral reefs and are often found in tropical regions. Finally, artificial islands are man-made structures built for various purposes, such as military bases or tourist destinations.

Importance of Islands

Islands have played a significant role in shaping the world’s cultures, economies, and environments. They are often rich in natural resources, such as timber, minerals, and fish, which have been exploited by humans for thousands of years. Islands also provide important habitats for a variety of species, some of which are found nowhere else in the world. Finally, islands have been the site of many historical events and have inspired art, literature, and music.



Mountain ranges