Model United Nations

Model United Nations (MUN) is an educational simulation in which students learn about diplomacy, international relations, and the United Nations. Participants, known as “delegates,” are assigned countries to represent in simulations of UN committees and other bodies. They research their assigned country’s position on various issues and work to negotiate, collaborate, and draft resolutions with peers representing other countries. MUN aims to develop public speaking, critical thinking, leadership, and negotiation skills.


  • Enhances understanding of global issues and international relations
  • Develops public speaking and communication skills
  • Promotes critical thinking and problem-solving abilities
  • Fosters teamwork and leadership skills


  • Best Delegate: Offers resources for MUN training, strategy, and conference listings.
  • United Nations website: Provides official documents and position papers on global issues.
  • YouTube: Channels like THIMUN and MUNPlanet offer insights into MUN procedures and tips for success.
  • Book: “The Model United Nations Manual: A Guide to Procedure and Practice” is a comprehensive resource for participants.

Best Age to Start

Students can start participating in MUN from middle school onwards, around ages 12-14, which allows them to develop foundational skills early and continue improving through high school and beyond.

Equipment and Materials

  • Professional attire: $50-$200 for appropriate conference clothing
  • Conference fees: $25-$200, varying by the prestige and location of the MUN conference
  • Research materials: Generally available online for free

Starting Tips

  • Join a local MUN club or start one at your school to gain experience.
  • Research extensively on your assigned country and its stance on the issues to be discussed.
  • Practice public speaking and drafting resolutions or position papers.

How Often to Practice

Participating in MUN conferences 1-2 times a year, along with regular club meetings or preparation sessions, is a good way to develop skills.

Requirements/Tasks for Mastery

  • Serve as a delegate in various committees and successfully navigate complex negotiations to pass resolutions.
  • Assume leadership roles, such as committee chair or conference organizer, demonstrating comprehensive understanding and management skills.
  • Win awards at prestigious MUN conferences, recognizing exceptional diplomacy, negotiation, and leadership abilities.

Famous Participants

While specific individuals famous for MUN participation are less common, many successful diplomats, politicians, and leaders in international organizations started their careers with experiences in Model United Nations, highlighting its impact on developing future leaders.

Model United Nations is a unique blend of academic challenge and extracurricular activity that provides participants with a deeper understanding of the world’s complexities and the skills needed to navigate them.