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Mongolian Mythology

Mongolian Mythology, deeply rooted in shamanism and the nomadic lifestyle of the Mongolian people, includes a rich collection of myths, legends, and epic tales. These stories reflect the harsh landscapes, spiritual beliefs, and the valorous history of Mongolia.

Major Deities and Spirits

  1. Tengri: The eternal blue sky and chief deity in Mongolian shamanism, representing the universe.
  2. Etügen: The earth goddess, a central figure in Mongolian shamanistic beliefs.
  3. Ong Khan: A sky god, often associated with Tengri.
  4. Eej (Mother): A protective spirit, embodying the concept of motherhood and fertility.

Epic Tales and Legends

  • The Secret History of the Mongols: A historical text that includes mythology and the history of the Mongol Empire.
  • Gesar of Ling: An epic tale about a hero king, which is common to many Central Asian cultures.

Shamanism and Ancestral Worship

  • Shamanism plays a vital role in Mongolian spirituality, with shamans acting as intermediaries between the human world and the spirit world.
  • Ancestral worship is significant, with rituals and ceremonies dedicated to honoring ancestors.

Mythical Creatures

  • Mongolian Death Worm (Olgoi-Khorkhoi): A legendary creature said to inhabit the Gobi Desert.
  • Wind Horse (Hiimori): A symbol of good fortune and vitality in Mongolian culture.

Cultural and Artistic Influence

  • Mongolian mythology influences the nation’s music, dance, and art, particularly the traditional long song and throat singing.
  • The Naadam festival, featuring horse racing, wrestling, and archery, has roots in ancient traditions and legends.

Modern-Day Relevance

  • Contemporary Mongolian culture continues to celebrate and preserve these myths and legends through various cultural practices and festivals.
  • These stories are not only a source of entertainment but also provide insights into the Mongolian worldview and values.

Vietnamese Mythology

Persian Mythology (Iranian)