Spanish (Iberian) Mythology

Spanish Mythology, or Iberian Mythology, refers to the myths and legends from the Iberian Peninsula, home to Spain and Portugal. Influenced by a variety of cultures including the Romans, Visigoths, Celts, and Moors, this mythology is a rich tapestry of diverse traditions and stories.

Major Deities and Figures

  1. Mari: A goddess from Basque mythology, often seen as the personification of Earth.
  2. Cernunnos: Known in Celtic mythology, also revered in Iberia, as the horned god of fertility and animals.
  3. Santiago Matamoros: St. James the Moor-slayer, a legendary figure and patron saint of Spain.
  4. La Santa Compaña: A procession of the dead or souls in purgatory, a common theme in Galician folklore.

Folk Beliefs and Legends

  • The Legend of the Seven Infantes of Lara: A story of family feuds, revenge, and tragedy.
  • El Cid: The national hero of Spain, Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, known as El Cid, who fought against the Moors.

Cultural Festivals and Traditions

  • Festivals like Las Fallas and La Tomatina have roots in local folklore and historical events.
  • The Way of St. James (Camino de Santiago) is a pilgrimage with deep historical and mythological significance.

Influence of Roman and Moorish Mythology

  • The Roman and Moorish conquests brought new myths and legends, which intermingled with the local folklore.
  • Many Roman deities and Moorish tales became part of the Spanish mythological tapestry.

Regional Variations

  • Different regions of Spain have their unique myths and legends, reflecting the diverse cultural landscape of the country.

Modern Influence

  • Spanish mythology continues to influence the nation’s literature, art, and cultural celebrations.
  • It provides a deep insight into the historical and cultural development of Spain over the centuries.

Albanian Mythology

Portuguese Mythology