Vocabulary Building

In this lesson, we will focus on expanding your Spanish vocabulary by learning common nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs.


Nouns are words that name people, places, things, or ideas. Here are some common Spanish nouns:

  • La casa (the house)
  • El coche (the car)
  • La comida (the food)
  • La familia (the family)
  • El trabajo (the work)
  • El tiempo (the weather/time)


Verbs are action words that describe what someone or something is doing. Here are some common Spanish verbs:

  • Hablar (to speak)
  • Comer (to eat)
  • Vivir (to live)
  • Trabajar (to work)
  • Estudiar (to study)
  • Bailar (to dance)


Adjectives are words that describe or modify nouns. Here are some common Spanish adjectives:

  • Bonito/a (pretty)
  • Grande (big)
  • Pequeño/a (small)
  • Nuevo/a (new)
  • Viejo/a (old)
  • Interesante (interesting)


Adverbs are words that modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. They describe how, when, where, or to what extent something happens. Here are some common Spanish adverbs:

  • Bien (well)
  • Rápidamente (quickly)
  • Lentamente (slowly)
  • Aquí (here)
  • Allí (there)
  • Muy (very)

Now let’s practice using these vocabulary words in sentences:

  • Yo hablo español en la clase. (I speak Spanish in class.)
  • Ella come la comida mexicana en el restaurante. (She eats Mexican food at the restaurant.)
  • Mi familia vive en una casa grande en la ciudad. (My family lives in a big house in the city.)
  • Yo trabajo en una oficina pequeña. (I work in a small office.)
  • Estudio español en la universidad. (I study Spanish at the university.)
  • Me gusta bailar salsa con mis amigos. (I like to dance salsa with my friends.)

Keep practicing these vocabulary words, and try to use them in everyday conversations. In the next lesson, we will learn about Spanish grammar. ¡Hasta luego! (Until later!)

Cultural information about Spanish-speaking countries