Tornadoes are one of the most powerful and destructive weather phenomena on Earth. In this lesson, we will explore the science behind tornadoes, including their formation and impact on the environment.

Formation of Tornadoes

Tornadoes form from large thunderstorms called supercells. These storms develop in environments with high levels of instability, wind shear, and moisture. As warm and moist air rises, it meets cooler and drier air, creating a rotating column of air known as a mesocyclone. This mesocyclone can then produce a funnel cloud, which can develop into a tornado if it reaches the ground.

Types of Tornadoes

There are two main types of tornadoes: supercell tornadoes and non-supercell tornadoes. Supercell tornadoes are the most common and often the most destructive. Non-supercell tornadoes are typically weaker and shorter-lived and can form from a variety of weather patterns.

Impact of Tornadoes

Tornadoes can cause significant damage to the environment and human structures. Their strong winds can uproot trees, destroy buildings, and even moving vehicles. Tornadoes are also known for their ability to cause rapid changes in air pressure, which can lead to the formation of hail and lightning. In addition, tornadoes can cause significant harm to human life, with injuries and fatalities occurring from flying debris, collapsing buildings, and wind-related accidents.

Tornado Safety It’s important to know how to stay safe during a tornado. The best way to protect yourself is to seek shelter in a sturdy building, preferably in a basement or interior room away from windows. If you’re outside and cannot find shelter, lie flat in a low-lying area such as a ditch or depression and cover your head.


Weather Forecasting