Verbs are a vital part of language as they describe actions or states of being. In English, verbs have several different forms depending on the tense, aspect, and mood of the sentence. Understanding verb forms is important in order to communicate effectively in both spoken and written language.

Types of Verbs

There are several types of verbs that you should be familiar with:

Action Verbs – An action verb is a word that expresses physical or mental action. Examples include run, jump, think, and believe.

Helping Verbs – A helping verb is a word that is used to help the main verb in a sentence. Examples include am, is, are, was, were, has, have, and had.

Linking Verbs – A linking verb is a word that connects the subject of a sentence to a noun, adjective, or pronoun that describes it. Examples include is, am, are, was, were, seem, appear, and become.

Modal Verbs – A modal verb is a type of helping verb that expresses possibility, ability, permission, or obligation. Examples include can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, and would.

Usage of Verbs

Verbs are essential in constructing meaningful sentences. They convey actions, thoughts, and feelings. Verbs can be used in different ways to form different types of sentences.

Here are some examples:

  1. Action Verb – I am running.
  2. Helping Verb – She has been studying.
  3. Linking Verb – He seems happy.
  4. Modal Verb – I should study for the test.

Practice Exercise

Now that you have learned about the different types of verbs and their usage, let’s try a practice exercise.


The tense of a verb tells us when the action took place. In English, there are three main tenses: present, past, and future.

Present Tense The present tense describes an action that is happening now or a state of being that is currently true. In the present tense, verbs typically end in -s or -es for the third person singular.


  • I walk to school every day.
  • He studies hard for his exams.
  • She watches TV in the evening.

Past Tense

The past tense describes an action that has already happened. In the past tense, regular verbs typically end in -ed, while irregular verbs have a unique form.


  • I walked to school yesterday.
  • He studied hard for his exams last week.
  • She watched TV last night.

Future Tense

The future tense describes an action that will happen in the future. In the future tense, we use the auxiliary verb “will” or “shall” to show future time.


  • I will walk to school tomorrow.
  • He will study hard for his exams next week.
  • She will watch TV later.


The aspect of a verb describes the way in which the action is or was carried out. In English, there are two main aspects: simple and progressive.

Simple Aspect

The simple aspect describes a completed or habitual action. In the simple aspect, the verb is in its base form or past participle form.


  • I eat breakfast every morning. (present simple)
  • She wrote a book last year. (past simple)
  • They have visited Japan twice. (present perfect)

Progressive Aspect

The progressive aspect describes an action that is ongoing or in progress. In the progressive aspect, we use a form of the verb “be” and the present participle (-ing form) of the main verb.


  • I am eating breakfast right now. (present progressive)
  • She was writing a book when I called her. (past progressive)
  • They have been visiting Japan for two weeks. (present perfect progressive)


The mood of a verb expresses the attitude or feeling of the speaker toward the action or state of being. In English, there are three main moods: indicative, imperative, and subjunctive.

Indicative Mood

The indicative mood is used to make statements or ask questions.


  • She sings beautifully. (statement)
  • Do you like ice cream? (question)

Imperative Mood

The imperative mood is used to give commands or make requests.


  • Please pass the salt. (request)
  • Be quiet! (command)

Subjunctive Mood

The subjunctive mood is used to express hypothetical or unlikely situations, wishes, or suggestions.


  • If I were you, I would study harder. (hypothetical situation)
  • She requested that he leave immediately. (suggestion)
  • I wish I had more time. (wish)

In conclusion, understanding verb forms is important for effective communication in English. By knowing the different tenses, aspects, and moods of verbs, we can accurately convey the meaning of our thoughts and ideas.

Identify the type of verb in the following sentences:

  1. He is singing a song.
  2. We will go to the beach tomorrow.
  3. She seems tired.
  4. They could have won the game.


  1. Helping Verb – is, Action Verb – singing
  2. Modal Verb – will, Action Verb – go
  3. Linking Verb – seems, Adjective – tired
  4. Modal Verb – could, Helping Verb – have, Action Verb – won

Verbs are essential in conveying meaning in sentences. By understanding the different types of verbs and their usage, you can create effective and grammatically correct sentences. The appropriate type of verb in the correct tense and mood to accurately convey your thoughts and ideas.

Parts of Speech