Vietnamese Mythology

Vietnamese Mythology is a fascinating mix of indigenous animistic beliefs, historical legends, and influences from Chinese mythology, reflecting Vietnam’s unique cultural and historical landscape.

Major Deities and Figures

  1. Lạc Long Quân: The Dragon Lord, a mythical ancestor of the Vietnamese people.
  2. Âu Cơ: A mountain fairy and Lạc Long Quân’s wife, said to be the mother of the Vietnamese people.
  3. Thánh Gióng: A legendary hero known for his miraculous growth and strength, who defended Vietnam from foreign invaders.

Creation Myths and Legends

  • The Tale of Lạc Long Quân and Âu Cơ: Explains the origin of the Vietnamese people, combining elements of dragon and fairy mythology.
  • The Legend of Bánh Chưng and Bánh Dày: A story that explains the tradition of these traditional rice cakes, symbolizing the Earth and the Sky.

Mythical Creatures and Spirits

  • Cá Ông (Whale God): Revered as a protector of fishermen.
  • Hồ Tinh (Fox Spirits): Similar to Chinese and Japanese mythology, these spirits can transform into humans.

Folk Tales and Historical Legends

  • The Legend of the Watermelon: A popular tale about the clever Prince Mai An Tiêm and the origin of watermelons.
  • Trạng Quỳnh: A series of stories about a wise and cunning scholar.

Cultural Influence

  • Vietnamese mythology deeply influences Vietnam’s festivals, literature, arts, and folk practices.
  • Traditional water puppetry often depicts scenes from these myths and legends.

Syncretism with Buddhism and Confucianism

  • Elements of Buddhism and Confucianism have blended with local beliefs, enriching the mythological tapestry.
  • Many temples and festivals in Vietnam honor both Buddhist figures and mythological deities.

Filipino Mythology

Mongolian Mythology