Clara Barton

Clara Barton – The Angel of the Battlefield

Clara Barton was an American nurse, teacher, and humanitarian who is best known for founding the American Red Cross. Born in 1821, Barton dedicated her life to helping others, particularly during times of war and disaster. She became known as the “Angel of the Battlefield” for her tireless work during the American Civil War.

Early Life

Clara Barton was born on December 25, 1821, in Oxford, Massachusetts. She was the youngest of five siblings and grew up in a middle-class family. Barton was educated at home and later became a teacher, working in schools in Massachusetts and New Jersey.

Nursing Career

During the American Civil War, Clara Barton worked as a nurse, providing care to soldiers on the front lines. She also organized relief efforts, providing food, clothing, and medical supplies to soldiers and their families. After the war, Barton went to Europe and learned about the International Red Cross, an organization dedicated to providing humanitarian aid during times of war and disaster.

American Red Cross

Inspired by the International Red Cross, Barton founded the American Red Cross in 1881. The organization provides emergency assistance, disaster relief, and education and training in first aid and CPR. Barton served as the president of the American Red Cross until 1904.


Clara Barton’s dedication to helping others and her tireless work during times of war and disaster have inspired generations of humanitarians. Her legacy continues to be felt through the work of the American Red Cross and other organizations dedicated to providing aid to those in need.

Susan B. Anthony

Nellie Bly