Continents are large, continuous land masses that cover the surface of the Earth. In this lesson, we will explore the basic concepts of continents, their geography, history, and impact on the world.


There are seven continents on Earth:

  1. Asia
  2. Africa
  3. North America
  4. South America
  5. Antarctica
  6. Europe
  7. Australia.

Each continent has its own unique geography, climate, and natural resources. Some of the largest mountain ranges, rivers, and deserts are located on the continents.


The history of continents is a complex and fascinating topic, with evidence of human civilization dating back to the earliest civilizations. The continents have been shaped by natural forces such as plate tectonics, glaciation, and volcanic activity. Human history has been shaped by the development and movement of cultures across the continents, including migration, trade, and conflict.

The continents have had a profound impact on the world, with their geography, climate, and natural resources influencing human civilization in various ways. Some of the most significant impacts of continents include:

Economic Development – Continents have played a critical role in the development of global trade and commerce. For example, the continents of Asia and Europe were once connected by the Silk Road, a network of trade routes that facilitated the exchange of goods and ideas.

Cultural Exchange – Continents have been home to diverse cultures and languages, which have influenced and shaped the course of human history. The exchange of ideas and knowledge between continents has led to the development of new technologies, religions, and social systems.

Environmental Impact – The continents are home to diverse ecosystems and natural resources, which have been exploited for human use. This exploitation has led to environmental degradation, including deforestation, pollution, and climate change.

US History 1900s to Present