Grade 12 – STEM

STEM projects for 36 weeks of Grade 12, with a brief description for each project:

Week 1: Designing and Testing Model Suspension Bridges
Design and construct model suspension bridges using materials such as toothpicks, string, and glue. Test their strength and stability by applying different loads and analyzing their structural behavior.

Week 2: Investigating DNA Sequencing Techniques
Explore DNA sequencing techniques like Sanger sequencing, next-generation sequencing, or nanopore sequencing. Study their principles, applications, and discuss advancements in genomic research.

Week 3: Exploring Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Computing
Study the principles of quantum mechanics and the basics of quantum computing. Explore quantum gates, superposition, and quantum algorithms such as Shor’s algorithm or Grover’s algorithm.

Week 4: Designing and Testing Model Solar Cells
Design and build model solar cells using materials like silicon wafers, conductive materials, and solar panels. Test their efficiency in converting sunlight into electricity and discuss the future of solar energy.

Week 5: Investigating Biotechnology in Agriculture
Research the applications of biotechnology in agriculture, including genetically modified organisms (GMOs), crop improvement techniques, or bioremediation. Analyze their impact on food production and sustainability.

Week 6: Exploring Artificial Neural Networks and Machine Learning
Study artificial neural networks and machine learning algorithms. Explore topics like deep learning, neural network architectures, and their applications in pattern recognition and data analysis.

Week 7: Designing and Testing Model Wind Turbines
Design and build model wind turbines using materials like cardboard, dowels, and small generators. Test their efficiency in harnessing wind energy and discuss the advantages of renewable energy.

Week 8: Investigating Cybersecurity and Ethical Hacking
Explore cybersecurity threats, vulnerabilities, and ethical hacking techniques. Study topics like penetration testing, network security, and discuss the importance of securing digital systems.

Week 9: Exploring Genetic Engineering and Synthetic Biology
Study genetic engineering techniques like gene editing, CRISPR-Cas9, or synthetic biology. Explore their applications in medicine, agriculture, or bioremediation and discuss the ethical considerations.

Week 10: Designing and Testing Model Hydroelectric Power Plants
Design and build model hydroelectric power plants using materials like waterwheels, turbines, and generators. Test their efficiency in converting water energy into electricity and discuss the environmental impact.

Week 11: Investigating Aerospace Materials and Composite Structures
Research aerospace materials like carbon fiber composites, alloys, or ceramic materials. Study their properties, applications in aircraft design, and discuss advancements in lightweight structures.

Week 12: Exploring Bioinformatics and Computational Genomics
Learn about bioinformatics tools and computational genomics techniques. Analyze DNA sequences, study gene expression patterns, and explore algorithms for sequence alignment and functional annotation.

Week 13: Designing and Testing Model Earthquake-Resistant Buildings
Design and construct model earthquake-resistant buildings using materials like popsicle sticks, rubber bands, and foam. Test their ability to withstand simulated earthquakes and discuss structural engineering principles.

Week 14: Investigating Medical Robotics and Surgical Assistants
Explore medical robotics and surgical assistant technologies. Study robotic surgery systems, teleoperation, or exoskeletons, and discuss their applications in minimally invasive procedures.

Week 15: Exploring Nanotechnology in Electronics
Study nanotechnology applications in electronics, such as nanoscale transistors, quantum dots, or nanowires. Explore their potential for advancing device miniaturization and improving electronic performance.

Week 16: Designing and Testing Model Water Rockets
Design and build model water rockets using plastic bottles, fins, and compressed air. Test their launching mechanisms, trajectory, and discuss the principles of rocketry.

Week 17: Investigating Renewable Energy Storage Solutions
Research renewable energy storage solutions like batteries, flywheels, or hydrogen fuel cells. Analyze their efficiency, scalability, and discuss their role in achieving a sustainable energy future.

Week 18: Exploring Robotics in Industrial Automation
Study robotics applications in industrial automation, including assembly line robots, autonomous vehicles, or warehouse automation systems. Analyze their impact on productivity and discuss future developments.

Week 19: Designing and Testing Model Geothermal Power Plants
Design and build model geothermal power plants using materials like clay, pipes, and generators. Test their ability to harness geothermal energy and discuss the advantages of geothermal power.

Week 20: Investigating Materials Science in 3D Printing
Explore materials science principles in 3D printing, including filament materials, printing techniques, or post-processing methods. Analyze the impact of 3D printing on manufacturing and design.

Week 21: Exploring Biomedical Engineering and Prosthetics
Study biomedical engineering principles in the design of prosthetic limbs and medical devices. Analyze biomechanics, materials, and discuss advancements in assistive technologies.

Week 22: Designing and Testing Model Solar Water Heaters
Design and build model solar water heaters using materials like black tubing, mirrors, and containers. Test their ability to heat water using solar energy and discuss the benefits of solar thermal systems.

Week 23: Investigating Space Exploration and Colonization
Research space exploration and colonization efforts, including missions to Mars, lunar bases, or space habitats. Analyze the challenges and discuss the future of human space exploration.

Week 24: Exploring Quantum Cryptography and Quantum Communication
Study the principles of quantum cryptography and quantum communication protocols. Explore topics like quantum key distribution, quantum teleportation, and discuss their potential for secure communication.

Week 25: Designing and Testing Model Magnetic Levitation Trains
Design and build model magnetic levitation trains using magnets, coils, and a track. Test their ability to achieve levitation and discuss the advantages of maglev transportation systems.

Week 26: Investigating Environmental Engineering Solutions
Research environmental engineering solutions like wastewater treatment, air pollution control, or sustainable infrastructure. Analyze their effectiveness in addressing environmental challenges.

Week 27: Exploring Bioprinting and Tissue Engineering
Study bioprinting techniques and tissue engineering principles. Explore the fabrication of artificial organs, 3D bioprinting methods, and discuss their potential in regenerative medicine.

Week 28: Designing and Testing Model Rocket Engines
Design and build model rocket engines using solid fuel, nozzle designs, and igniters. Test their thrust and performance, and discuss the principles of rocket propulsion.

Week 29: Investigating Internet of Things (IoT) and Smart Systems
Explore the Internet of Things (IoT) and smart systems, including interconnected devices, sensors, and data analytics. Analyze their applications in smart homes, cities, or industries.

Week 30: Exploring Sustainable Water Treatment Technologies
Study sustainable water treatment technologies like membrane filtration, UV disinfection, or desalination. Analyze their efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and discuss their role in water management.

Week 31: Designing and Testing Model Autonomous Vehicles
Design and build model autonomous vehicles using microcontrollers, sensors, and actuators. Test their ability to navigate a track and discuss the challenges and potential of self-driving cars.

Week 32: Investigating Artificial Intelligence in Financial Forecasting
Research the applications of artificial intelligence in financial forecasting and stock market analysis. Study machine learning algorithms, predictive modeling, and discuss their impact on finance.

Week 33: Exploring Renewable Energy Integration in Power Grids
Study the integration of renewable energy sources into power grids, including grid stability, energy storage, or demand-side management. Analyze the challenges and discuss strategies for a sustainable grid.

Week 34: Designing and Testing Model Hydraulic Systems
Design and build model hydraulic systems using syringes, tubing, and valves. Test their ability to transmit and control fluid power and discuss the principles of hydraulic engineering.

Week 35: Investigating Bio-inspired Robotics and Biomimicry
Explore bio-inspired robotics and biomimicry, including robots inspired by animals, insects, or plants. Analyze their applications in fields like search and rescue, exploration, or agriculture.

Week 36: Exploring Future Energy Technologies and Innovations
Research future energy technologies and innovations, such as fusion energy, space-based solar power, or hydrogen fuel cells. Analyze their potential impact on the global energy landscape.

These STEM projects for Grade 12 provide a wide range of topics for exploration and hands-on learning, encouraging students to delve into various fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.