Jackie Robinson

Jackie Robinson – Breaking Barriers in Baseball

Jackie Robinson was an American baseball player and civil rights activist. He was the first African American to play in Major League Baseball (MLB) in the modern era. Robinson’s breakthrough in baseball paved the way for other African American athletes and contributed to the civil rights movement in the United States.

Early Life

Jackie Robinson was born on January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia. His family moved to Pasadena, California, when he was a child. Robinson was an accomplished athlete in high school and college, and he played football, basketball, and baseball. After college, he served in the United States Army during World War II.

Baseball Career

After leaving the Army, Robinson played for the Kansas City Monarchs in the Negro Leagues, a professional baseball league for African Americans. In 1947, he was signed by the Brooklyn Dodgers and became the first African American player in MLB in over 50 years. Robinson faced racism and discrimination from other players, fans, and even his own teammates, but he persevered and went on to have a successful career.

Civil Rights Activism

Robinson used his platform as a professional athlete to speak out against racial injustice. He was a vocal advocate for desegregation and worked with civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X. He also served as a business executive and as a political activist, running for public office in New York City.


Jackie Robinson’s legacy extends beyond his baseball career. He is remembered as a pioneer in civil rights and as a symbol of hope and perseverance. In 1997, MLB retired his number, 42, across all teams to honor his impact on the sport and society.

Thurgood Marshall

Robert Smalls