Introduction to HTML
HTML, or Hypertext Markup Language, is a programming language used for creating and designing web pages. In this lesson, we will explore the basic concepts of HTML, its history, and its role in web development.
Syntax of HTML HTML uses tags to define the structure and content of a web page. Tags are enclosed in angle brackets and consist of the tag name, such as <html>, and optional attributes, such as class and id.
History of HTML
HTML was first developed in the late 1980s by Tim Berners-Lee, a British computer scientist. The first version of HTML, known as HTML 1.0, was released in 1993, and subsequent versions were developed to include new features and functionality.
HTML Elements and Tags HTML elements are the building blocks of web pages and consist of tags that define their structure and content.
Some commonly used HTML tags include:
- <head>: Defines the metadata and title of a web page
- <body>: Defines the main content of a web page
- <h1> to <h6>: Defines headings of varying sizes and importance
- <p>: Defines a paragraph of text
- <a>: Defines a hyperlink to another web page or resource
- <img>: Defines an image to be displayed on a web page
HTML is a crucial language in web development, providing the structure and content of web pages. By understanding the syntax, history, and role of HTML, we can create engaging and interactive web pages that deliver content to users across the globe.
Here is a list of commonly used HTML tags:
- <!DOCTYPE> – declares the document type and version of HTML
- <html> – represents the root element of an HTML document
- <head> – contains the metadata of the HTML document, such as the title, styles, and scripts
- <title> – specifies the title of the HTML document that appears in the browser’s title bar
- <body> – contains the visible content of the HTML document
- <h1> to <h6> – defines headings of various sizes and importance
- <p> – defines a paragraph of text
- <a> – creates a hyperlink to another web page or resource
- <img> – inserts an image into the HTML document
- <ul> – creates an unordered list of items
- <ol> – creates an ordered list of items
- <li> – defines an item in a list
- <table> – creates a table with rows and columns
- <tr> – defines a row in a table
- <td> – defines a cell in a table
- <form> – creates a form for user input
- <input> – creates an input field for user input
- <select> – creates a drop-down list for user input
- <option> – defines an option in a drop-down list
- <button> – creates a clickable button
- <div> – defines a section of the HTML document for styling and organization
- <span> – defines a small section of the HTML document for styling and organization
- <style> – contains CSS styling rules for the HTML document
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