Joan of Arc – The Maid of Orleans
Introduction: Joan of Arc, also known as the Maid of Orleans, is a French heroine who played a crucial role in the Hundred Years’ War between France and England. Born in 1412 in Domrémy, France, she claimed to have received visions from God instructing her to support the French army against the English. Despite facing skepticism and opposition, she led French troops to several important victories before being captured and executed.
Joan of Arc grew up in a peasant family in Domrémy, France. She was known for her piety and devotion to the Catholic faith. At the age of 13, she began having visions of saints and angels, who instructed her to support the French army in their fight against the English.
In 1429, at the age of 17, Joan of Arc convinced the French Dauphin (heir to the throne) to allow her to lead troops to the siege of Orleans. With her leadership and military strategy, the French were able to break the English siege and win a decisive victory. She went on to lead other successful campaigns, including the Battle of Patay.
Capture and Trial
In 1430, Joan of Arc was captured by the English and handed over to the Church, who put her on trial for heresy. Despite her steadfast faith and the support of many French citizens, she was found guilty and burned at the stake in 1431.
Joan of Arc’s bravery and leadership during the Hundred Years’ War made her a symbol of French nationalism and a heroine to the French people. She was canonized as a saint by the Catholic Church in 1920, and her story has inspired countless works of literature, art, and film.