The study of plant structure is a fundamental aspect of botany, as it helps us understand the anatomy and physiology of plants. In this lesson, we will explore the basic concepts of plant structure, its parts, and its functions.
Parts of a Plant Plants have different parts that perform various functions.
These parts include:
Roots – the part of the plant that anchors it to the ground and absorbs water and nutrients from the soil.
Stems – the part of the plant that supports the leaves and flowers, and transports water and nutrients to other parts of the plant.
Leaves – the part of the plant that is responsible for photosynthesis, which produces food for the plant.
Flowers – the reproductive part of the plant that produces seeds.
Fruits – the structure that contains the seeds and helps in seed dispersal.
Plant Tissues Plants have different types of tissues, each with a specific function.
These tissues include:
Epidermal Tissue – the outer layer of cells that covers the plant and helps in the absorption of water and nutrients.
Ground Tissue – the tissue that fills the space between the epidermal tissue and the vascular tissue, and performs functions such as photosynthesis and storage of nutrients.
Vascular Tissue – the tissue that transports water and nutrients to different parts of the plant, and provides support.
Meristematic Tissue – the tissue responsible for growth and development of the plant.
Plant Cells Plant cells have different structures and functions, each contributing to the overall function of the plant.
These structures include:
Cell Wall – the rigid structure that surrounds the cell and provides support.
Chloroplasts – the structure responsible for photosynthesis, which produces food for the plant.
Vacuoles – the structure that stores water and nutrients, and provides support.