Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong – The Father of Modern China

Mao Zedong was a Chinese communist revolutionary, political leader, and founding father of the People’s Republic of China. Born in 1893 in the Hunan province of China, Mao led the Chinese Communist Party to victory against the Nationalist Party in the Chinese Civil War. He went on to become the Chairman of the Communist Party of China and the country’s leader until his death in 1976.

Early Life

Mao Zedong was born on December 26, 1893, in the village of Shaoshan in the Hunan province of China. His father was a farmer, and Mao grew up in a rural area. He was educated in a Confucian school, but later attended a modern school in Changsha. Mao was exposed to Marxist ideology during his university years in Beijing, and became a communist in 1921.

Revolutionary Career

Mao became a leader of the Chinese Communist Party, and led the party’s revolutionary activities in rural areas of China. He famously led the Long March, a 6,000-mile journey to escape from the Nationalist Party’s forces. Mao’s leadership was critical to the Communist Party’s victory over the Nationalist Party in the Chinese Civil War, which ended in 1949.


Mao became the Chairman of the Communist Party of China and the country’s leader after the Communist victory. He implemented radical policies, including land reform and the Great Leap Forward, which aimed to rapidly industrialize and modernize China. These policies led to widespread famine and economic disaster, however, and millions of people died as a result.

Cultural Revolution

Mao launched the Cultural Revolution in 1966, which aimed to eliminate capitalist and traditional elements from Chinese society. This led to widespread persecution, violence, and chaos in China. Mao’s leadership during this period is highly controversial, and many consider it to be one of the darkest periods in China’s history.


Mao died on September 9, 1976, in Beijing, China. He left behind a complex legacy, with both supporters and critics. Mao is revered by many as the father of modern China, and his leadership during the Chinese Civil War is seen as a critical moment in Chinese history. However, his policies and actions during his leadership also caused immense suffering and harm to the Chinese people.

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