Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks – The Mother of the Civil Rights Movement

Rosa Parks was an African American civil rights activist who is best known for her refusal to give up her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama bus in 1955. Her act of defiance sparked the Montgomery bus boycott and became a symbol of the Civil Rights Movement. Parks’ bravery and determination in the face of segregation and discrimination have inspired generations of activists.

Early Life

Rosa Parks was born on February 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama. She grew up in Montgomery, where she attended segregated schools and experienced racial discrimination firsthand. She became involved in civil rights activism at an early age, joining the NAACP and working to challenge segregation in her community.

Bus Boycott

On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks was riding home from work on a Montgomery city bus. When the bus became crowded, the driver ordered Parks and three other African American passengers to give up their seats to white passengers. Parks refused, saying that she was tired of giving in to segregation. She was arrested and fined, but her act of defiance sparked a movement. African Americans in Montgomery organized a bus boycott that lasted for more than a year, ultimately leading to the desegregation of the city’s bus system.


Rosa Parks’ refusal to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus was a defining moment in the Civil Rights Movement. Her bravery inspired countless others to take a stand against segregation and discrimination. Parks continued to be a vocal advocate for civil rights throughout her life, working with organizations such as the NAACP and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. She received numerous awards and honors, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal.

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