American Civil War

The American Civil War was a defining moment in the history of the United States, fought between 1861 and 1865. In this lesson, we will explore the basic concepts of the American Civil War, its history, and its impact on the world.

Causes of the American Civil War

The American Civil War was caused by a complex series of factors, including:

Slavery – the institution of slavery was a significant issue, with the Northern and Southern states having different views on the issue.

States’ Rights – the Southern states believed in the principle of states’ rights, which meant that the federal government had limited power and individual states had more control.

Economic and Social Differences – the North and South had significant economic and social differences, with the North having a more industrialized economy and the South relying on agriculture, including the labor of enslaved people.


The American Civil War has a complex and often tragic history, with significant events including:

Secession – in 1860, several Southern states seceded from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America, in response to the election of President Abraham Lincoln, who opposed the expansion of slavery.

Battle of Gettysburg – one of the most significant battles of the war, fought in Pennsylvania in 1863, which resulted in a Union victory and marked a turning point in the war.

Emancipation Proclamation – in 1863, President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which declared that all enslaved people in Confederate states were to be set free.

End of the War – in 1865, the Confederate Army surrendered, effectively ending the war, but not before hundreds of thousands of lives had been lost.

Impact of the American Civil War

The American Civil War had a profound impact on the world, including:

The End of Slavery – the war resulted in the end of slavery in the United States, with the passage of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution.

Reconstruction – after the war, the process of Reconstruction began, which aimed to rebuild and reform the South and reunite the country.

Military Technology – the war saw significant advances in military technology, including the widespread use of rifled muskets, ironclad warships, and the telegraph.

American Revolution

Westward Expansion