Backpacking is a form of low-cost, independent travel, which includes the use of a backpack that is easily carried for long distances or long periods of time; the concept is to make travel flexible and to explore areas off the beaten path. In the context of outdoor activities, it also refers to multi-day hikes, carrying all necessary gear and food in a backpack to explore wilderness areas.


  • Physical Fitness: Enhances cardiovascular health and builds muscle strength.
  • Mental Well-being: Offers stress relief and improves mental health through connection with nature.
  • Self-Reliance: Develops skills in navigation, camping, and survival.
  • Environmental Connection: Increases awareness and appreciation for natural landscapes and conservation.


  • Websites: Backpacker Magazine (Backpacker)
  • YouTube Channels: Darwin onthetrail
  • Documentaries: “Mile… Mile & A Half” (available on streaming platforms)
  • Books: “The Backpacker’s Field Manual” by Rick Curtis (available on Amazon)

Best Age to Start

The best age to start backpacking is typically around 10-12 years, as younger children can begin to handle the physical demands and understand the importance of safety and preparation.

Equipment and Materials

  • Backpack: Properly fitted, with enough capacity for trip length. Cost: $100-$300
  • Tent: Lightweight and weather-appropriate. Cost: $100-$400
  • Sleeping Bag: Suitable for the climate. Cost: $50-$200
  • Cooking Gear: Compact stove and cookware. Cost: $50-$150
  • Food and Water Supplies: Including water treatment. Cost: Varies by trip length
  • Navigation Tools: Map and compass or GPS. Cost: $10-$100
  • Monthly Cost: Variable, depending on trip frequency and location.
  • Membership Fees: None required, but permits may be needed for certain trails or parks.

Starting Tips

  • Start with short, overnight trips to get used to carrying a backpack and camping out.
  • Learn basic wilderness survival skills and first aid.
  • Plan your route carefully and inform someone of your itinerary.
  • Pack light but ensure you have all the essentials for safety and comfort.

Mastery Requirements

  • Complete multiple multi-day backpacking trips in various terrains and conditions.
  • Demonstrate proficiency in backcountry navigation, camp setup, food preparation, and Leave No Trace principles.
  • Aid in wilderness conservation efforts and mentor newcomers to the activity.

Famous Backpackers

  • Cheryl Strayed: Author of “Wild,” recounting her solo hike along the Pacific Crest Trail.
  • Andrew Skurka: Known for his extensive backpacking expeditions across North America.

To master backpacking, one should aim to gain extensive experience in planning and executing trips in diverse environments, from mountains to deserts, in all seasons. Regular engagement, such as monthly or seasonal trips, is recommended to refine skills and adapt to various challenges.