Gymnastics is a sport that involves exercises requiring balance, strength, flexibility, agility, coordination, and endurance. It includes various disciplines like artistic gymnastics, rhythmic gymnastics, and trampoline.

Description and How to Do It

Artistic gymnastics, the most common form, involves events like floor exercise, vault, uneven bars, and balance beam for women; and floor, pommel horse, rings, vault, parallel bars, and horizontal bar for men. Rhythmic gymnastics combines elements of ballet, gymnastics, and dance, while trampoline involves performing acrobatics while bouncing on a trampoline.


  • Physical Strength and Flexibility: Develops muscular strength and body flexibility.
  • Coordination and Balance: Enhances coordination and balance skills.
  • Mental Focus: Requires concentration and mental resilience.
  • Discipline and Confidence: Fosters self-discipline and boosts self-confidence.

Best Age to Start

Children can start gymnastics classes as early as 2 to 3 years old, with more serious training beginning around 6 years old.


  • Websites: USA Gymnastics for information and resources.
  • YouTube: Gymnastics training channels for tutorials and tips.
  • Movies/Documentaries: “Stick It” (film), “Athlete A” (documentary).
  • Books: “Gymnastics Psychology” by Joe Massimo and Sue Massimo (available on Amazon).

Equipment and Costs

  • Leotard: $20-$60.
  • Gymnastics Shoes: $20-$40.
  • Training Mats: $50-$200 (for home practice).
  • Club Membership and Coaching Fees: $100-$400 monthly.
  • Competition Expenses: Varies, around $50-$200 per event.

Starting Tips

  • Begin with basic gymnastics classes focusing on fundamental skills.
  • Practice regularly to improve strength, flexibility, and technique.
  • Watch gymnastic competitions to understand scoring and performance style.

Recommended Practice Frequency

For competitive gymnasts, training 4-6 times a week is common.

Requirements/Tasks for Mastery

  • Achieve advanced skills in chosen gymnastics disciplines.
  • Compete in state, national, or international gymnastics meets.
  • Demonstrate artistic expression combined with technical precision.

Famous Gymnasts

  • Simone Biles
  • Nadia Comăneci

Track and Field

Martial Arts