Slavic Mythology

Slavic Mythology is the mythological aspect of the polytheistic religion that was practiced by the Slavs before Christianisation. The mythology is rich with unique gods, spirits, and creatures, reflecting the diverse cultures of the Slavic peoples across Eastern Europe.

Major Gods and Goddesses

  1. Perun: The chief god of thunder and lightning, similar to the Norse Thor or the Greek Zeus.
  2. Veles: God of the earth, waters, and the underworld. Often depicted as a dragon, he is Perun’s adversary.
  3. Svarog: The god of celestial fire and blacksmithing.
  4. Dazhbog: A solar deity, son of Svarog, associated with the sun and fire.
  5. Mokosh: Goddess of fertility, motherhood, and the harvest.
  6. Rod: The creator god, a deity of cosmic creation and the generation of life.
  7. Lada: Goddess of beauty, love, and marriage.

Creation Myths

  • The World Tree: A common motif, representing the universe and its three tiers: heaven, earth, and the underworld.
  • The Creation of the World: Involves gods like Rod and Svarog shaping the world and giving life to the first humans.

Famous Myths and Legends

  • The Tale of Igor’s Campaign: An epic poem narrating the campaign of Prince Igor of Rus against the Polovtsians.
  • Koschei the Deathless: A legendary and undying villain often appearing in folklore.

Mythological Creatures

  • Domovoi: A household spirit known for being protective but mischievous.
  • Baba Yaga: A witch-like character who lives in a house on chicken legs, known for her wisdom and ambiguous nature.
  • Rusalka: Water nymphs or spirits associated with lakes or rivers.

Cultural and Social Impact

  • Slavic mythology is deeply rooted in the natural world, reflecting the agrarian lifestyle of the Slavs.
  • Many of these myths and characters are still celebrated in Slavic cultures, particularly in folk traditions, festivals, and arts.

Celtic Mythology

Finnish Mythology