Swimming is a sport or activity of moving through water by using the arms, legs, and body in strokes such as the backstroke, breaststroke, freestyle, and butterfly.

Description and How to Do It

Swimming involves propelling oneself through water using the limbs and following specific techniques for each stroke. Competitive swimming races can vary in distance and are typically conducted in pools.


  • Overall Fitness: Enhances cardiovascular health, strength, and endurance.
  • Flexibility: Increases flexibility and range of motion.
  • Coordination: Improves body coordination and balance.
  • Stress Relief: Offers mental relaxation and stress reduction.

Best Age to Start

Children can begin learning to swim as early as 1 year old, but competitive swimming usually starts around the age of 5 or 6.


  • Websites: USA Swimming for tips and regulations.
  • YouTube: Skills NT Swimming for technique and training videos.
  • Movies/Documentaries: “The Swimmer” (film), “Touch the Wall” (documentary).
  • Books: “Swim Smooth” by Paul S. Newsome (available on Amazon).

Equipment and Costs

  • Swimsuit: $20-$100.
  • Goggles: $10-$30.
  • Swim Cap: $5-$15.
  • Training Equipment (kickboard, fins): $10-$50.
  • Pool Membership: $30-$100 monthly.
  • Coaching Fees: Varies, typically around $50-$150 monthly.

Starting Tips

  • Start with basic water safety and fundamental strokes.
  • Join a swim club for structured training and regular practice.
  • Practice breathing techniques and stroke efficiency.

Recommended Practice Frequency

Swimmers should practice 3-5 times a week, with additional time for conditioning and technique work.

Requirements/Tasks for Mastery

  • Achieve proficiency in all major strokes: freestyle, backstroke, breaststroke, and butterfly.
  • Compete in swimming meets and championships.
  • Demonstrate consistent improvement in times and technique.

Famous Swimmers

  • Michael Phelps
  • Katie Ledecky

Anger Management

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