Contractions are shortened forms of words or phrases in which one or more letters are omitted and replaced by an apostrophe. Contractions are commonly used in spoken and written English, particularly in informal contexts.

Examples of contractions include: can’t (cannot), don’t (do not), shouldn’t (should not), and so on.

Usage of Contractions:

  1. Informal Writing and Speech Contractions are commonly used in informal writing and speech, such as in emails, text messages, and conversations.
  2. Avoiding Awkwardness Contractions are used to avoid awkwardness or repetition in sentences, for example:
  • I can’t believe it. (instead of “I cannot believe it.”)
  • She’s going to the store. (instead of “She is going to the store.”)
  1. Emphasis and Tone Contractions can convey a particular tone or emphasis in a sentence, for example:
  • I’d love to go. (emphasizing willingness)
  • You’re not serious. (emphasizing disbelief)

Common Contraction Mistakes:

  1. Misusing Apostrophes
  • Apostrophes are only used to indicate contractions, not to indicate pluralization, for example: “cat’s” (contraction of “cat is”), but not “cat’s” (plural of “cat”).
  1. Using Contractions in Formal Writing
  • Contractions are generally avoided in formal writing, such as academic essays or business letters.
  1. Using Incorrect Contractions
  • Some words cannot be contracted, such as “they” and “are.” Using “there” and “‘re” instead of “they’re” is a common mistake.


  1. Rewrite the following sentences using contractions:
  • I will not be able to attend the meeting.
  • We have not seen them in a long time.
  • They are going to the concert tonight.
  1. Choose the correct contraction to complete the sentence:
  • She _____ (don’t/doesn’t) like pizza.
  • He _____ (shouldn’t/should not) be late.
  • We _____ (won’t/will not) be able to make it to the party.
  1. Identify the error in the following sentence and correct it:
  • Its’ going to be a beautiful day today.


Contractions are a common and useful feature of the English language. Understanding how to use contractions correctly can help you communicate more effectively in both spoken and written English. Practice using contractions in your daily conversations and writing, and pay attention to common mistakes to improve your language skills.

Compound Words