Tennis is a globally popular racquet sport played on a rectangular court divided by a net. It can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles). The game involves hitting a felt-covered rubber ball over the net into the opponent’s court. Points are scored when the opponent fails to return the ball within the prescribed dimensions of the court. Tennis requires physical agility, strategy, and mental tenacity.


  • Boosts aerobic capacities, enhancing cardiovascular health
  • Improves muscle tone, strength, and flexibility
  • Enhances hand-eye coordination and fine motor skills
  • Develops mental focus, discipline, and problem-solving skills


  • International Tennis Federation (ITF): Offers rules, tournament information, and development programs.
  • YouTube: Channels like Essential Tennis provide coaching tips, strategies, and equipment reviews.
  • Book: “Winning Ugly” by Brad Gilbert offers insights into strategies and mental aspects of tennis.
  • Local tennis clubs: Provide courts, coaching, and competition opportunities.

Best Age to Start

Tennis can be started at any age, but children as young as 4 or 5 can begin learning basic skills in mini-tennis programs, which use smaller courts, nets, and low-compression balls.

Equipment and Materials

  • Tennis racquet: $50-$250
  • Tennis balls: $2-$4 per can of three
  • Proper tennis shoes: $50-$150
  • Lesson fees: $40-$100 per hour
  • Club membership: Varies widely, but can range from $50 to $200+ per month

Starting Tips

  • Start with professional lessons to learn proper technique and fundamentals.
  • Practice consistently, focusing on technique, footwork, and ball placement.
  • Engage in match play to develop strategic thinking and match temperament.

How Often to Practice

Practicing 3-4 times a week is ideal for beginners to develop skills and improve fitness. Competitive players often practice daily.

Requirements/Tasks for Mastery

  • Develop a comprehensive game with strong serves, groundstrokes, volleys, and tactical play.
  • Achieve a high ranking in regional, national, or international competitions.
  • Continuously refine and adapt your game to stay competitive at high levels.

Famous Tennis Players

  • Serena Williams, known for her powerful game and winning 23 Grand Slam singles titles, the most by any player in the Open Era.
  • Roger Federer, celebrated for his grace on court and winning 20 Grand Slam singles titles, among numerous other achievements.

Tennis is a sport that combines physical prowess with mental strength, offering a path to fitness and competitive achievement for players of all ages and skill levels.


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